There are many different types of roof shingles to choose from when you are considering replacing your roof or deciding which roof to install on a home being built. Each roof shingle style has different benefits associated with it as well as what it’s best used for. In this article we will be detailing 5 of the most common types of roof shingles and their main pros and cons. Furthermore, given new roof shingles are a big investment, when comparing the different types of shingles there are a few things to take into consideration. The main things we recommend you take into consideration are cost of the shingles, cost to install the shingles, and estimated lifespan. 

types of roof shingles

Asphalt Shingles:
Asphalt roof shingles are one of the most commonly used roofing materials for homes located across North America. Asphalt shingles are designed to help keep your home protected through decades of moderate weathering with minimal to no upkeep. This roof shingle style is also available in hundreds of colors and styles – making it compatible for many different home types and designs. Several of the main pros of this type of roof shingle are that they are generally low cost in comparison to other shingles, lightweight, and have a wide range of thicknesses and colors. The most commonly discussed cons are its short lifespan and vulnerability to extreme temperature fluctuations.

Wood Shingles:

Wood roof shingles are thin pieces of wood generally used to cover roofs and building walls to better protect them from various weather elements. Historically, wood shingles were split from straight-grained, knot-free bolts of wood. However, wood shingles are now mostly cut rather than being split, distinguishing them from wood shakes, which are made by being split out of a bolt. The main pros associated with wooden shingles are that they can give your home a rustic aesthetic and are more eco-conscious. The main con is its vulnerability to fire. Fire codes in certain regions around the US prohibit the installation of wooden roof shingles.

Metal Shingles:

Metal roof shingles are known for their stylish appearance and longevity. Metal shingles come in a variety of different color options to match the style and design of most homes. Not only do they look nice, metal roof shingles can also last between 75 to 100 years – which is one of the longest lifespans when compared to other types of roof shingles. Metal roof shingles have also become more popular due to being relatively easy to install and very lightweight, making them a strong option for homes that can’t support heavier options. Other than its appearance and lifespan, some additional pros are its ability to reflect sunlight. The main cons are its high price and potential noisiness.

Slate Shingles:

Slate roof shingles, also known as stone shingles or slate tiles, are rarely found on residential homes in the US nowadays, but can still be found on the east coast. Slate shingles are generally thought of as being expensive to install, however it is often worth the price given they can last over a century depending on the quality of the slate being used and how well it is maintained after the fact. A unique feature that this type of roof shingle offers is that it can be recycled from one building and installed on another. Several other pros are its very long lifespan, natural aesthetic, and low leak risk. The main cons of using slate shingles are its steep cost and heavy weight that not all roof structures can support.

Composite Shingles:

Composite roof shingles, also known as synthetic roofing shingles, are composed of a mixture of commonly used roofing materials such as fiberglass, asphalt, and recycled paper products. Composite shingles are a good option for homes in almost every region. Some of their main pros are that they are fire resistant and moisture, mold growth and algae resistant. Also, if damaged, this roof shingle style can be replaced individually. The main cons of composite shingles are their high cost and installation difficulty level.

Now that you know a little more about the different types of shingles available to you, hopefully, you are able to have a productive conversation with your potential roofing contractor to make the best roofing decision possible for your home. Also, don’t forget to ask about the specifics regarding your new roof’s warranty. If you have any other questions about shingles or what types of shingles would be best for your home, give us a call at (858) 206-9685! We would be more than happy to help you out!